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How To Install Active Directory Domain Services Windows Server 2008

Install Active Directory Domain Services otherwise known as (AD-DS).

Any roles you add to your server should be added by using the server manager provided with Windows Server 2008. You can launch the server manager from the run box by typing in servermanager.msc

Install Active Directory Domain Services. Launch the server manager applet and then do the following:

  • When the server manager applet finishes loading click on Roles and then click on the link Add Roles as illustrated in the diagram below.

server manager

  • In the before you begin box click on Next after confirming you have everything done that it suggests.
  • Next, place a checkmark in the box labelled Active Directory Domain Services and click next.
  • In the Introduction To Active Directory Domain Services window, read the information and click Next
  • In the Confirm Installation Selections window, read the info and then click on Install. The information should be telling you to make sure to run dcpromo.exe when you are finished. Your server will not be a fully functional domain controller without doing so.
  • The installation should now be in progress.
  • When the installation process is finished you will be asked to run dcpromo.exe go ahead and click on the link to run dcpromo.exe.
  • You should now be looking at Welcome to the Active Directory Domain Services Installation Wizard as illustrated in the diagram below.

active directory install wizard

  • In the Welcome to the Active Directory Domain Services Installation Wizard window click on Next.
  • After reading the Operating System Compatibility window click on Next.
  • Next, click on Create a new domain in a new forest.
  • Next, type in a fully qualified domain name for the new forest. I used seowebz.local and then click Next.
  • In the Set Forest Functional Level window select Windows 2000 and then click Next. Windows 2000 is the default, as it allows the addition of Windows 2000, Windows Server 2003 and Windows Server 2008 Domain Controllers to the forest you are creating.
  • In the Set Domain Functional Level select Windows 2000 Native and then click Next.
  • In the Additional Domain Controller Options window place a checkmark in the DNS server box and then click on Next.
  • If you get a popup window stating This computer has dynamically assigned IP addresses, it is because you have IPv6 installed. I always disable IPv6 if I am not going to be using it. Just ignore the warning and continue with the installation.
  • If you receive a warning box stating A delegation for this DNS server cannot be created because the authoritative parent zone cannot be found or it does not run Windows DNS server. You can safely ignore the message because we have not set any DNS configuration yet. Continue on by clicking on Yes.
  • Next, you can change the path for the active directory database. For large deployments, if you have the space I would place them on separate partitions. When you are sure about the changes click on Next
  • Next, you will be asked for a password for the Directory Services Restore Mode. Type in a secure password and then click on Next For secure password help view my tutorial on how to create secure passwords.
  • In the summary box go ahead and review your selections and when finished click on export to export your settings to an answer file. When finished click on Next.
  • The wizard will begin creating your new Active Directory domain, when finished, you will need to click Finish and reboot your computer. It may take quite a while for the installation process to be finished, just be patient and everything will be just fine.

Congratulations you have installed Active Directory Domain Services on your server. You can now setup DNS Reverse Lookup Zone Files etc.