How to add File Services to Windows Server 2008
Windows Server 2008 File Services allows you to implement and manage a file server. To get the most out of the system, the File Services role should be added. Adding the File Services role not only configures settings to optimize the system for file sharing, but also allows the administrator to choose which file server options as well as which tools for managing the file system will be installed. New features such as Storage Utilization Monitoring allows you to monitor disk usage and run reports.
To install the File Services role, perform the following steps:
- Click Start and then click All Programs and then click Administrative Tools and then select Server Manager.
- In the navigation tree pane on the left, click on Roles.
- In the tasks pane, click on the Add Roles link as illustrated in the diagram below..
- When the Add Roles window opens, read the information on the Before You Begin page and then click Next to continue.
- On the Select Server Roles page, check the File Services check box, and click Next to continue.
- The next page provides a short introduction to the File Services role, read the information supplied and then click Next to continue with the installation of the File Services role.
- The Role Services page allows administrators to select which File Services role services will be installed on the system. The File Server service is selected by default. In addition to this service, also check the File Server Resource Manager to enable quota, file screening, and reporting functionality. If you want to share with Linux computers place a checkmark in the box labelled Services for Network File System. After checking the desired services, click Next to continue.
- Because the File Server Resource Manager was selected, the next page is the Configure Storage Usage Monitoring page. Check the box next to each drive letter, accept the default settings for monitoring, and click Next to continue.
- On the Set Report Options page, accept the defaults of storing reports on the root folder, Storage Reports, and click Next to continue.
- The Confirm Installation Selections page allows the administrator to review the chosen settings. After confirming the settings are correct, click Install to install and configure the services and tools chosen.
- Review the details on the results page and click Close to complete the installation.
Now we can create a share using the Provision a Shared Folder Wizard. To create a share do the following:
- Open Server Manager, on the left pane, click Roles then click File Services and then click Share and Storage Management.
- Click Provision Share link on the right pane.
- On Shared Folder Location window, navigate to the location you want to share, and then click Next
- On the NTFS Permissions screen, select Yes, change NTFS permissions, click Edit permission and then add appropriate users.
- On Share Protocols, check SMB, and then enter the Share name. If you want to serve files to Unix systems check NFS.
- On the SMB Settings window, click Next
- On the SMB Permissions window, you can configure share-level permissions. These permissions apply to users browsing the shares over the network.
- On the Quota Policy window, you can configure disk quota.
- On the File Screen Policy window, you can configure types of files that are not allowed on the share.
- On the DFS Namespace Publishing window, you may configure DFS if needed.
- On the Review Settings and Create Share window, click Create to finish the process.
Here is a handy little chart explaining file permissions for Windows Server.
- Read – Allows users to read the object
- Write – Allows users to write to existing objects or create new objects.
- Read and Execute – Allows users to read attributes of a object and read its contents.
- List Folder Contents – Allows users to list contents.
- Modify – Allows users to read, write, execute and delete objects.
- Full Control - Allows users to read, write, execute, delete objects and change permissions on the object.